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Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is one of the most famous and ancient temples in India. It is dedicated to Goddess Meenakshi, the consort of Lord Shiva, and Lord Sundareswarar, the form of Shiva worshipped in Madurai. The temple is located on the banks of the Vaigai river in Madurai, Tamil Nadu. The temple is also known as Thiru-Aalavai, Koodal, Naanmaadakoodal, Kadamba Vanam, Siva Nagaram, Thuvathasanthatham, Samatti Vithiyapuram, and Kanniyaapuram.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download
The temple has a rich history that spans over 2000 to 3000 years. It is one of the five major dance halls of Shiva, where he performed his cosmic dance. It is also one of the 51 Shakti Peethas, where the body parts of Goddess Parvati fell after being cut by Lord Vishnu's discus. The temple has been mentioned in many ancient Tamil literary works, such as Silappadikaram, Thiruvilayadal Puranam, Thiruvasagam, and Thiruppugazh. The temple has also been nominated as one of the wonders of the world by a website that conducted a poll.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - How to download?
If you are interested in learning more about the history of Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple in Tamil, you can download a pdf book from the following link: https://www.tamilheritage.org/old/text/e-text/madurai_meenakshi.pdf. This book contains detailed information about the origin, legends, architecture, festivals, and rituals of the temple. It also has many illustrations and photographs of the temple.
You can also download another pdf book from this link: https://www.maduraimeenakshi.org/pdf/Meenakshi%20Temple%20History.pdf. This book gives a brief overview of the history and significance of the temple. It also has some useful information about the timings, dress code, and facilities available at the temple.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - What are the benefits?
By downloading and reading these pdf books, you can gain a lot of knowledge and insight about Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple. You can learn about the ancient culture and traditions of Tamil Nadu. You can also appreciate the beauty and grandeur of the temple. You can understand the spiritual and religious aspects of the temple. You can also get inspired by the stories and legends associated with the temple.
Reading these pdf books can also help you to prepare for your visit to Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple. You can plan your itinerary and schedule your time accordingly. You can also know what to expect and what to do at the temple. You can also avoid any confusion or inconvenience during your visit.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - Conclusion
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is a magnificent and marvelous temple that attracts millions of devotees and tourists every year. It is a symbol of Tamil culture and heritage. It is also a place of worship and devotion for Hindus. If you want to know more about this temple, you can download and read these pdf books in Tamil. They will provide you with valuable information and insights about the history and significance of Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - What are the legends?
There are many legends associated with Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple. One of them is about the birth of Goddess Meenakshi. According to this legend, King Malayadhwaja Pandya and his wife Kanchanamala were childless and performed a yagna to get a child. However, instead of a child, a three-year-old girl emerged from the fire. She had three breasts and four arms. A divine voice told the king that she was an incarnation of Goddess Parvati and that her third breast would disappear when she met her consort, Lord Shiva. The king named her Meenakshi, meaning the one with fish-shaped eyes, and raised her as his heir.
Another legend is about the marriage of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar. When Meenakshi grew up, she conquered all the kingdoms and reached Kailash, the abode of Lord Shiva. There she saw Shiva and fell in love with him. Her third breast disappeared and she realized that he was her destined husband. Shiva also agreed to marry her and came to Madurai with his entourage. The divine wedding was celebrated with great pomp and splendor in Madurai. The couple then ruled over Madurai as Meenakshi and Sundareswarar.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - What are the features?
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is a marvel of architecture and art. It has 14 gopurams or towers, each adorned with thousands of colorful sculptures of gods, goddesses, animals, and mythical creatures. The tallest gopuram is the southern one, which is 52 meters high and has 1511 sculptures. The temple also has five prakarams or enclosures, each with its own shrines and halls.
The temple has many halls that showcase the artistic excellence of the temple builders. Some of the notable halls are: Ashta Shakti Mandapam, which has eight pillars depicting the eight forms of Goddess Shakti; Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam, which has 110 pillars carved with scenes from Hindu epics; Puthu Mandapam, which has 124 pillars with intricate carvings of gods and goddesses; Unjal Mandapam, where the idols of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar are placed on a swing every Friday; Kambathadi Mandapam, which has a huge sculpture of Nataraja, the dancing form of Shiva; Kilikootu Mandapam, which has paintings of various deities on the ceiling; Mangayarkarasi Mandapam, which is dedicated to the queen who revived Shaivism in Madurai; Servaikarar Mandapam, which has a golden lotus tank where devotees can take a dip; Thirukalyana Mandapam, where the wedding ceremony of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar is re-enacted every year.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - How to visit?
If you want to visit Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple, you need to follow some guidelines and rules. The temple is open from 5:00 am to 12:30 pm and from 4:00 pm to 10:00 pm every day. The entry is free for all, but you need to pay a nominal fee for special darshan or pooja. You need to dress modestly and avoid wearing shorts, skirts, or sleeveless tops. You need to remove your footwear before entering the temple premises. You need to respect the sanctity of the temple and avoid making noise or taking photos inside the sanctum sanctorum. You can also buy prasadam or souvenirs from the shops outside the temple.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - What are the rituals?
The Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is a hub of religious and cultural activities. The temple follows the Shaiva Agama rituals and conducts six daily poojas for the deities. The poojas are: Thiruvanandal pooja (early morning), Vizha pooja (forenoon), Kalasandhi pooja (late morning), Thrikalasandhi pooja (noon), Uchikkala pooja (afternoon), and Ardhajama pooja (night). The temple also performs special poojas on auspicious days such as Pradosham, Sivarathri, Chaturthi, Pournami, Amavasya, etc.
The temple is famous for its festivals that attract lakhs of devotees from all over the world. The most important festival is the Chithirai Thiruvizha, which is celebrated in April-May. This festival commemorates the divine wedding of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar. The festival lasts for 12 days and includes various events such as the coronation of Meenakshi, the procession of Kallazhagar (Vishnu) from Alagar Koyil, the celestial wedding of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar, the car festival, and the Theerthavari. The festival culminates with the Tirukkalyanam or the grand wedding ceremony of the divine couple.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - How to reach?
The Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is located in the heart of Madurai city, which is well connected by road, rail, and air. The temple is about 2 km from the Madurai Junction railway station and about 12 km from the Madurai airport. The temple is also easily accessible by buses, taxis, and auto-rickshaws from any part of the city. The temple has four entrances facing four directions: east, west, north, and south. The east tower is the main entrance to the temple.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - What is the legend?
The Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple has a rich and ancient legend that dates back to thousands of years. According to one version, the goddess Meenakshi was born as the daughter of the Pandyan king Malayadhwaja and his queen Kanchanamala. She was an incarnation of Parvati, who had vowed to marry Lord Shiva, who was performing penance in the Himalayas. Meenakshi had three breasts, which was a sign that she was destined to rule the world until she met her consort.
Meenakshi grew up as a brave and beautiful princess, who conquered many lands and expanded her father's kingdom. She finally reached Kailash, where she saw Lord Shiva and fell in love with him. As soon as she saw him, her third breast disappeared, indicating that she had found her true match. Lord Shiva also recognized her as his consort and agreed to marry her. He came to Madurai with his entourage of gods and goddesses, and the divine wedding took place in a grand manner.
Another version of the legend says that Lord Indra, the king of gods, was cursed by a sage for killing a demon who had sought refuge in his ashram. To get rid of the curse, Indra had to worship a self-manifested lingam that appeared under a kadamba tree in Madurai. He built a small temple around the lingam and worshipped it for many years. Later, he handed over the temple to the Pandyan king Kulasekara, who expanded it and named it Sundareswarar temple.
The same king also performed a yagna to get a son, but instead, a girl child emerged from the fire. She was Meenakshi, who had three breasts and a fish-shaped earring. The king was told by a divine voice that she was a goddess and that her third breast would vanish when she met her husband. The king raised her as his heir and taught her all the arts of war and governance. She later became the queen of Madurai and married Lord Shiva, who came to her as Sundareswarar.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - What are the architectural features?
The Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is one of the largest and most magnificent temples in India. It covers an area of about 17 acres and has 14 towering gopurams or gateways that are adorned with thousands of colorful sculptures depicting various gods, goddesses, animals, and mythical creatures. The tallest gopuram is the southern one, which is about 52 meters high and has 1511 statues on it.
The temple complex has several shrines, halls, tanks, and gardens that are dedicated to different deities and aspects of Hinduism. The main shrines are those of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar, which are situated in separate enclosures facing each other. The shrine of Meenakshi has a golden vimana or dome over it, which is said to be made of 33 kg of gold. The shrine of Sundareswarar has a silver-plated lingam as the main idol.
The temple also has many mandapas or halls that are used for various purposes such as worship, rituals, festivals, music, dance, etc. Some of the famous mandapas are: Ashta Sakthi Mandapam, which has eight pillars depicting the eight forms of Shakti; Meenakshi Nayakkar Mandapam, which has 110 stone pillars carved with figures of yalis or mythical lions; Puthu Mandapam, which is an ornate hall built by Thirumalai Nayakkar in 1628; Unjal Mandapam, which has a swing where the idols of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar are placed during festivals; Kambathadi Mandapam, which has a huge Nataraja statue made of copper; Kilikootu Mandapam, which has paintings depicting scenes from Hindu epics; Mangayarkarasi Mandapam, which is named after a devout queen who revived Shaivism in Madurai; Servaikarar Mandapam, which has portraits of 63 Nayanmars or Shaiva saints; Thirukalyana Mandapam, which is where the celestial wedding of Meenakshi and Sundareswarar is celebrated every year.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download - Conclusion
The Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple is a splendid example of Dravidian architecture and culture. It is a living temple that attracts millions of devotees and tourists every year. It is a symbol of the divine union of Shiva and Shakti, and a testimony of the glorious history of Madurai. It is a place where one can experience the beauty, grace, and power of the goddess Meenakshi and her consort Sundareswarar. It is a temple that celebrates the feminine energy and the cosmic dance of life.
Madurai Meenakshi Amman Temple History In Tamil Pdf Download is a useful resource for anyone who wants to learn more about this magnificent temple. It provides a detailed account of the legend, history, architecture, rituals, festivals, and significance of this temple. It also includes some interesting facts and anecdotes that make the reading more enjoyable. It is a well-written and well-researched article that captures the essence and spirit of this temple.
If you want to download this article as a pdf file, you can click on the link below. You can also share this article with your friends and family who are interested in knowing more about this temple. Thank you for reading this article and we hope you have learned something new and interesting.
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